Explainer: What is driving the current Israel-Gaza violence

TEL AVIV: Israel and Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip had been exchanging hearth on Saturday (Aug 6) in the worst bout of cross-border violence since an 11-day conflict between Israel and Hamas final 12 months.

Israeli airstrikes have killed 11 folks, together with a senior commander from the Palestinian Islamic Jihad, an Iran-backed militant group, who was slain in a focused assault.

That got here following the arrest this week of one other senior Islamic Jihad chief in the West Bank in what’s been a monthslong Israeli operation to spherical up Palestinians suspected of assaults.

Militants have fired dozens of rockets at Israeli cities and cities, disrupting life for tens of 1000’s of individuals.

Here’s a take a look at the newest spherical of violence:


Islamic Jihad is the smaller of the two most important Palestinian militant teams in the Gaza Strip, and is vastly outnumbered by the ruling Hamas group. But it enjoys direct monetary and army backing from Iran, and has grow to be the driving drive in partaking in rocket assaults and different confrontations with Israel.

Hamas, which seized management of Gaza in 2007 from the internationally recognised Palestinian Authority, is usually restricted in its skill to behave as a result of it bears duty for operating the day-to-day affairs of the impoverished territory. Islamic Jihad has no such duties and has emerged as the extra militant faction, sometimes even undermining Hamas’ authority.

The group was based in 1981 with the purpose of creating an Islamic Palestinian state in the West Bank, Gaza and all of what is now Israel. It is designated a terrorist organisation by the US State Department, European Union and different governments. Like Hamas, Islamic Jihad is sworn to Israel’s destruction.


Israel’s archenemy Iran provides Islamic Jihad with coaching, experience and cash, however most of the group’s weapons are regionally produced. In latest years, it has developed an arsenal equal to that of Hamas, with longer-range rockets able to placing central Israel’s Tel Aviv metropolitan space.

Air raid sirens went off in the suburbs simply south of Tel Aviv on Friday, though no rockets seem to have hit the space.

Although its base is Gaza, Islamic Jihad additionally has management in Beirut and Damascus, the place it maintains shut ties with Iranian officers.

Ziad al-Nakhalah, the group’s prime chief, was in Tehran assembly Iranian officers when Israel started its operation in Gaza on Friday.


This is not the first time Israel has killed Islamic Jihad leaders in Gaza. The commander it killed on Friday, Taiseer al-Jabari, changed Bahaa Abu el-Atta who was slain by Israel in a 2019 strike. His demise had been the first high-profile assassination of an Islamic Jihad determine by Israel since the 2014 conflict in the Gaza Strip.

Al-Jabari, 50, was a member of Islamic Jihad’s “military council,” the group’s decision-making physique in Gaza. He was in command of the Islamic Jihad militant actions in Gaza City and the northern Gaza Strip throughout the 2021 conflict. Israel mentioned he was making ready to launch an anti-tank missile assault in opposition to Israel.

His demise got here on the heels of the arrest by Israel of a senior Islamic Jihad commander in the West Bank earlier this week. Bassam al-Saadi, 62, is a senior Islamic Jihad official in the northern West Bank. According to Israeli media, al-Saadi was working to deepen the group’s attain in the West Bank and increase its capabilities.

Al-Saadi spent a complete of 15 years over a number of stints in Israeli jails for being an energetic Islamic Jihad member. Israel killed two of his sons who had been additionally Islamic Jihad militants in separate incidents in 2002, and destroyed his residence throughout a fierce battle in the West Bank metropolis of Jenin the identical 12 months.

“Once you will hit the commanders it will affect immediately all the organization,” mentioned Zvika Haimovich, the former head of the Israeli army’s air defence drive.

“It immediately creates a big mess in the Jihad.”


Since seizing energy in 2007, Hamas has fought 4 wars with Israel, usually with assist from Islamic Jihad fighters. Aside from a flare-up earlier this 12 months, the border has largely been quiet since final 12 months’s 11-day conflict and Hamas seems to be staying on the sidelines of this current conflagration, which could hold it from spilling over into all-out conflict.

Islamic Jihad militants have challenged Hamas by firing rockets, usually with out claiming duty, to boost its profile amongst Palestinians whereas Hamas maintains the cease-fire. Israel holds Hamas answerable for all rocket hearth coming from Gaza.

Hamas should stroll a tightrope between restraining Islamic Jihad’s hearth at Israel whereas avoiding the ire of Palestinians if it cracks down on the group. Like in previous flare-ups, Hamas may have the closing say in how lengthy – and the way violent – this spherical of combating will final.


The current combating comes as Israel is mired in a protracted political disaster that is sending voters to the polls for the fifth time in lower than 4 years in the fall.

Caretaker chief Yair Lapid took over earlier this summer season after the ideologically numerous authorities he helped type collapsed, triggering the new elections.

Lapid, a centrist former TV host and writer, lacks the safety background many Israelis see as important for his or her management. His political fortunes may relaxation on the current combating, both gaining a lift if he can painting himself as a succesful chief or take a success from a prolonged operation as Israelis attempt to take pleasure in the final weeks of summer season.

Lapid hopes to edge out former Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, a safety hawk who is on trial for corruption prices, in the upcoming vote.

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