Average math score of first-year engineering students below 40%: AICTE

Average math score of first-year engineering students below 40%: AICTE
Average math score of first-year engineering students below 40%: AICTE

FIRST-YEAR engineering students, throughout main disciplines, battle with arithmetic greater than another core topic, in response to a studying evaluation survey carried out by the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) — a discovering which underlines the disaster plaguing engineering training within the nation.

The survey, undertaken to guage the standard of technical training and establish studying gaps affecting employment prospects of engineering graduates, discovered civil engineering students to be the “lowest performers” in “fundamental subjects”.

The findings of the survey, during which 1.29 lakh students from 2,003 AICTE-approved institutes participated between final September and June 7 this yr, point out that the battle with maths, which units in on the foundational studying stage in main courses, stays unaddressed within the faculty training system for a overwhelming majority of students.

The survey was carried out by a specifically designed on-line take a look at named PARAKH. Besides an inherent ability take a look at for all ranges, first-year students have been examined on physics, chemistry, maths, whereas second, third and fourth-year students have been assessed on competency of their space of specialisation. For third and fourth-year students, the general scores additionally took into consideration their efficiency in rising areas akin to Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Internet of Things (IoT).

An evaluation of the maths, physics and chemistry ability ranges of 22,725 first-year students confirmed that “more emphasis is required for maths study in the engineering domain”, states the survey report. “Civil (engineering) is the lowest performing department across maths, physics and chemistry streams. More focus is required in the civil department in fundamental subjects,” it provides.

In maths, civil engineering students scored a median of 37.48%, electronics and communication engineering (ECE) students 38.9%, mechanical engineering students 39.48%, electrical engineering students 40.02%, and pc science engineering (CSE) students 40.12% (see field).

In physics, electrical engineering students have been the very best performers with a median score of 52.5%, adopted by CSE students at 51%, mechanical engineering students at 50%, ECE students at 48.8%, and civil engineering students at 48.5%.

In chemistry, electrical engineering students emerged on the prime with a median score of 53.1%, adopted by CSE students at 53%, civil engineering students at 51.3%, mechanical engineering students at 50.7%, and ECE students at 50.4%.

The general report card exhibits that second-year students have been the very best performers, whereas the efficiency of third and fourth-year students mirrored a transparent dip. For occasion, within the case of civil engineering students, the typical score, out of a complete of 100, noticed a drop from 53.9% in first yr to 50.36% in fourth yr; within the case of CSE students, it dropped from 54.78% in first yr to 50.83% in fourth yr.

The similar development was mirrored within the aptitude take a look at. In the civil engineering division, the aptitude take a look at score dropped from 52.6% in first yr to 47.3% in fourth yr; in CSE, it fell from 54.4% to 50.6%.

The report factors out that students step by step lose concentrate on aptitude-related matters akin to normal data and logical reasoning that firms consider whereas hiring.

The survey additionally discovered that amongst third and fourth-year engineering students, the rising areas which can be gaining traction are Internet of Things (IoT), AI, Data Science, Robotics and Cyber Security.

There additionally seems to be a direct correlation between the efficiency in Class XII board exams and in faculty. In the second-year cohort, students who scored above 85% in Class XII board exams obtained, on a median, 54.01% marks in PARAKH, as in comparison with 41.11% by those that had scored 40-55% of their board exams.

Employability of engineering graduates stays a serious space of concern for the AICTE. According to obtainable information with the regulator, 3.96 lakh of 5.8 lakh students who graduated in 2019-20 acquired campus placements.

Earlier, the AICTE acknowledged that the massive quantity of vacant seats in faculties was among the many causes behind the drop in high quality of engineering training, affecting grades in addition to job prospects of students. In December 2017, The Indian Express had revealed the findings of its three-month-long investigation,‘’Devalued Degree”, which appeared into the fallout of over 51% of 15.5 lakh undergraduate seats in 3,291 engineering faculties being vacant in 2016-17.

With a gentle stream of engineering faculties making use of for closure since 2015-16, the whole quantity of engineering students enroled on the undergraduate stage in 2020-21 was 7.09 lakh, down from 9.66 lakh in 2012-13, according to the discount in accepted consumption owing to a moratorium on setting-up of new faculties. The consumption capability fell to 12.52 lakh in 2021-22, from a excessive of 17.05 lakh in 2014-15.

Going by the enrolment numbers towards consumption capability, 45 per cent undergraduate seats in engineering faculties remained vacant in 2020-21 and 2019-20; 49 per cent in 2018-19; and 50 per cent in 2017-18.

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